I’m No Expert, but…

It’s so great to find out that all my book-related blathering in our social circles isn’t scaring everyone away!

(As a side note, yes the photos are totally random. Me with dog.)

One of my friends just sent me an email:

I am wondering if you could give me a few initial pointers on how one goes about ‘finding’ a publisher for a novel?

Of course, I’d be happy to! I was composing the email in reply and thought, hmm, it might be nice to post this, as I went on, and on…so I hope some people find this helpful, and if you want to add any useful tips, please do!
Required Reading:
The Writer’s and Artist’s Yearbook should be your Bible. Get a copy from the library as it is printed each year and would be silly to buy. Read much of it (some of it won’t apply to you).

I want to keep it

This puppy is not my agent.

Understand the Food Chain:
There are writers
There are agents (the middlemen)
There are publishers/publishing houses
(The readers): we’ll hopefully get there! I’m on the “agent considering work” rung.

Agents and Publishers only have jobs because of us writers, so you’d think the writer would be in the position of power, right? Not necessarily. You see, big, powerful publishers usually only source new books through Agents– thus, if you want to be a successful writer, it is generally a good idea to seek an Agent. The agent does take a cut of your profits, but he/she is likely to get you a much higher profit than you could do by yourself. Also, big name publishers will look at your stuff if an agent takes you on. Oh, and probably the best thing about an agent is that he/she should be able to deal with international translation rights for your book, maybe movie rights if those come up, and work with you on other books…it can in some cases be a lifetime relationship. Make sure it is a reputable agency and an agent should *never* request money from you unless they are making you money. You have a deal: usually in the UK an agent takes, I believe, 15% of home profits and 20% abroad. That’s if they sell your book to a publisher. Before that, they may suggest revisions on the book. No money should go to them for this, or they aren’t a legit agent.

I should add that you should always meet an agent before signing with them, and don’t take on an agent just to have an agent– you should like her and have a really good working relationship. If one agent wants to take you, others should too. Don’t be desperate- after all, they survive from your work just as you need them to do well! It is symbiotic.

Know Slush:
There is a thing called “The Slush Pile,” which is literally the mountain of unsolicited submissions that publishers get every day. These writers submit without an agent in the hope that someone will discover their work and ta-dah! make a million dollars. This happens kind of like winning the lottery. It does, but don’t count on it. If you get an agent, you are not in the Slush Pile and thus already have a much better chance of a publisher noticing your work.

Use Connections:
If you know someone who knows someone who has a sister who works for a literary agency…get in touch. Seriously, milk any connections, no matter how thin. I spoke to an author signing books and he told me the name of his agency and suggested I send my stuff. He didn’t know me, he’d never read my stuff, but I swear to you that dropping his name in my intro letter got my foot in the door. If my novel had been complete crap after that, the connection would not have mattered, but it helped them notice me and hopefully my work is taking it from there…!


He understands Slush.

Do Your Research:
This is on a lot of websites, etc, and it is so simple I really feel silly saying it, but apparently people make this mistake a lot. Which is a very stupid mistake. Research the publishers you are submitting to (if you are trying to brave it without an agent.) And research the Agencies. Nobody takes on poetry. Some specialize in children’s lit, and that, for certain age groups. Some specialize in crime, thrillers, etc. Some, non-fiction, some cooking, etc etc…and some do a lot of the above.
Don’t send your thriller novel to a cook-book agency. Got it? Good. (Again that’s just so dumb I can’t believe people do it but had to say it, sorry to insult your intelligence.)

Read Blogs:
I’ve been learning a lot from agents, writers, and editor’s blogs. I really think they are an amazing source of information, seeing the “inside” of the publishing world and the out. If you go to the previous blog post, you can click on some links I’ve posted to useful writing-related blogs.

Get it Right:
The Writer’s and Artist’s Yearbook and many online sites will give you the layout for how to make a submission, say, to an agent. Follow these directions and also read what the agency requires of you. Listen to directions. This is not the place to be creative– let your creativity shine through in your writing. The basics are:
A cover letter
A synopsis
A sample (usually first 3 chapters or first 50 pages– for example, I sent my first 50 pages as my first three chapters are very short!)

Be Tidy:
eye cann spel good, eye can rite!
Seriously. Grammar, spelling, content. Use friends who have writing degrees (that’s really not a hint by the way)…Use spellcheck. Have competent friends/family critique the m.s. (that’s short for manuscript for beginners out there). I have no patience for people who can’t write. Creativity can only get you so far. Take a writing course. Do what it takes.

What if…?

You know, I’ve read some blogs where writers whine about being rejected for years. I’m not kidding. There is usually the, “keep going, you’ll get published” attitude. That is good up to a point, but why doesn’t anyone just say that if you are rejected again and again, and you revise, and you take a writing course, and you are still rejected — maybe you just can’t write? Maybe you need to go find a different thing to be good at. Seriously. Move on.

Good luck! The writing isn’t the hard part, ironically. Luck, talent, research, the list goes on.

The pics are totally random of me with a dog that isn’t mine (but I think I want one) and they are taken by the friend who wrote the query. Thanks!

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